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Scenes and Means of Grace

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Abstract:  The Word, Baptism, and Holy Communion—key means of grace according to the Lutheran tradition—take place in a web of earthly conditions whenever they are celebrated. Generating their own scenes of grace, the means of grace give voice, sense of place, and creativity where those are otherwise threatened. Other scenes of grace complement the means of grace, similarly bringing voice, place, and creativity in the face of environmental and social injustices. Martin Luther's affirmation of Christ's presence in creation, both in means of grace and throughout God's world, is a strategic and meaningful threshold for Christians to engage environment and justice while continuing to listen and look for the grace in Christ that feeds and shapes them.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Gilson Waldkoenig, Professor of Church in Society at the Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg since 1995, recently taught “Environmental History of Christianity” and other eco-theology courses. He was a GreenFaith Fellow in 2011 (

Publication date: December 1, 2011

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