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Cross‐border freight movements in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Region, with insights from passive GPS data

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The Great Lakes and St. Lawrence binational region is one of the most significant concentrations of industrial production on earth and contains the most active corridors for goods movements in the Canada‐United States trade relationship. The history of industrial development in this region involves the exploitation of coal and iron ore for steel production, the development of the railroads and the expansion of commercial agriculture, and the growth of the automotive and other high value‐added manufacturing industries. Canadian and American industrial complexes became increasingly integrated with the support of trade agreements in the latter decades of the 20th century. Development of cross‐border supply chains led to massive international flows of intermediate goods. In this context, the performance of a few key border crossings is of critical economic importance. New information drawn from very large datasets of Global Positioning System records generated by cross‐border truck movements sheds new light on both the spatial patterns of cross‐border goods movement and the performance of border crossings. The history of industrial development in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence region involves steel production, the development of railroads, and the expansion of key industries. Canada‐US trade agreements led to very large volumes of cross‐border trade at Great Lakes crossings, characterized by integrated cross‐border supply chains. GPS data from trucks provide a new opportunity to study the spatial patterns of Canada‐US trade and the performance of border crossings.

French
La région binationale des Grands Lacs et du Saint‐Laurent est l'une des concentrations les plus importantes de production industrielle au monde et elle contient les corridors les plus actifs pour les mouvements de marchandises dans la relation Canada–États‐Unis. l'histoire du développement industriel dans cette région inclut l'exploitation du charbon et du fer pour la production d'acier, le développement des chemins de fer et l'expansion de l'agriculture commerciale ainsi que la croissance de l'industrie automobile et d'autres industries manufacturières à forte valeur ajoutée. Les complexes industriels canadiens et américains sont devenus de plus en plus intégrés avec le soutien des accords de libre‐échange au cours des dernières décennies du 20e siècle. Le développement des chaînes d'approvisionnement transfrontalières a entraîné des flux internationaux massifs de biens intermédiaires. Dans ce contexte, la performance de quelques postes frontaliers clés est d'une importance économique cruciale. De nouvelles informations tirées d'ensembles de données très vastes de dossiers du système de positionnement générés par les mouvements transfrontaliers de camions apportent un éclairage nouveau sur les modèles spatiaux des mouvements transfrontaliers de marchandises et la performance des postes frontaliers.
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Keywords: GPS data; Grands Lacs; Great Lakes; border; données GPS; freight; frontière; marchandises

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2019

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