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Preparation and application of sulfated xylan as a flocculant for dye solution

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The main purpose of this study is to explore the sulfation of xylan to produce an anionic flocculant, sulfated xylan, for removing ethyl violet dye from simulated dye solutions. In this work, xylan was sulfated with chlorosulfonic acid in N, N‐dimethylformamide solvent and the reaction conditions were optimized using a response surface methodology. It was observed that the maximum degree of substitution of 1.1 was obtained for sulfated xylan under the conditions of 3.71 chlorosulfonic acid/xylan molar ratio, 70°C and 7 h reaction time. The resulting sulfated xylan had a charge density of −3.12 mmol/g and molecular weight (Mw) of 22,300 g/mol. Furthermore, elemental and thermogravimetric analyses, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H‐NMR) confirmed the sulfation of xylan. The application of sulfated xylan as a flocculant for decolorizing the simulated ethyl violet dye wastewater was studied. The results indicated that 97% of dye was removed from 50 mg/L dye solution at the sulfated concentration of 175 mg/L and pH 9, but unmodified xylan was ineffective in flocculating and removing dye segments. © 2018 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 34:529–536, 2018
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Keywords: chlorosulfonic acid; flocculant; response surface methodology (RSM); sulfation; thermal stability; xylan

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2018

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