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Bispecific antibody process development: Assembly and purification of knob and hole bispecific antibodies

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Production of knob and hole dual light chain bispecific antibodies poses several unique challenges for development of a feasible industrial scale manufacturing process. We developed an efficient process for the assembly and purification of knob and hole dual light chain bispecific antibodies. Two distinct half‐antibodies targeting two different antigens were expressed separately in Escherichia coli cells and captured independently using Protein A chromatography. When combined, the knob and hole mutations in the CH3 domains promoted heterodimer formation. The hinge region disulfides were reduced and reoxidized to form the disulfide bridge between the two complementary half antibodies. Unreacted half antibodies, noncovalently linked homodimers, covalently linked homodimers, and noncovalently linked heterodimers are impurities closely related to the product of interest and are challenging to remove by standard processes. Characterization of the molecular properties of the half antibodies and high‐throughput screening predicted column chromatography performance and allowed for rapid development of downstream purification steps for removal of unique product‐related and process‐related impurities. © 2018 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 34:397–404, 2018
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Keywords: assembly; bispecific antibody; high‐throughput screening; knobs into holes; purification

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2018

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