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On‐Line Optical Fiber Detection in a Preparative Free‐Flow Electrofocusing Apparatus

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Many analytical isoelectric focusing (IEF) instruments are equipped with on‐line detection, e.g., conductivity or UV‐vis absorbance. Most of their preparative counterparts have not integrated such detection systems and thus require labor‐intensive off‐line analysis to quantify separation results. This paper describes the incorporation of an optical fiber based, on‐line detection system that allows one to follow the evolution of the protein bands in a preparative IEF apparatus. An array of four optical fibers was designed to deliver light to the annulus of a free‐flow electrophoresis apparatus, to detect the transmitted light passing through the separation media and to determine the protein concentration at vertical positions along the annulus of a vortex‐stabilized focusing chamber using a 1024 bit CCD line camera. The final concentration of the major myoglobin band was 21.0 mg/mL at electric field strengths as high as 333 V/cm. Spectrophotometric analysis indicated a final concentration of 18.9 mg/mL, 10% less than that reported by the optical fibers.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Chemical Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99163

Publication date: January 1, 2006

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