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Butanol Production from Corn Fiber Xylan Using Clostridium acetobutylicum

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Acetone, butanol, and ethanol (ABE) were produced from corn fiber arabinoxylan (CFAX) and CFAX sugars (glucose, xylose, galactose, and arabinose) using Clostridium acetobutylicum P260. In mixed sugar (glucose, xylose, galactose, and arabinose) fermentation, the culture preferred glucose and arabinose over galactose and xylose. Under the experimental conditions, CFAX (60 g/L) was not fermented until either 5 g/L xylose or glucose plus xylanase enzyme were added to support initial growth and fermentation. In this system, C. acetobutylicum produced 9.60 g/L ABE from CFAX and xylose. This experiment resulted in a yield and productivity of 0.41 and 0.20 g/L·h, respectively. In the integrated hydrolysis, fermentation, and recovery process, 60 g/L CFAX and 5 g/L xylose produced 24.67 g/L ABE and resulted in a higher yield (0.44) and a higher productivity (0.47 g/L·h). CFAX was hydrolyzed by xylan‐hydrolyzing enzymes, and ABE were recovered by gas stripping. This investigation demonstrated that integration of hydrolysis of CFAX, fermentation to ABE, and recovery of ABE in a single system is an economically attractive process. It is suggested that the culture be further developed to hydrolyze CFAX and utilize all xylan sugars simultaneously. This would further increase productivity of the reactor.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Fermentation Biotechnology, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Agricultural Research Service (ARS), National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research (NCAUR), 1815 N University Street, Peoria, Illinois 61604 2: Bioproducts and Biocatalysis, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Agricultural Research Service (ARS), National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research (NCAUR), 1815 N University Street, Peoria, Illinois 61604

Publication date: January 1, 2006

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