Combined Effect of Hydrodynamic and Interfacial Flow Parameters on Lysozyme Deactivation in a Stirred Tank Bioreactor
The dynamic environment within a bioreactor and in the purification equipment is known to affect the activity and yield of enzyme production. The present research focuses on the effect of hydrodynamic flow parameters (average energy dissipation rate, maximum energy dissipation rate, average shear rate, and average normal stress) and the interfacial flow parameters (specific interfacial area and mass transfer coefficient) on the activity of lysozyme. Flow parameters were estimated using CFD simulation based on the k‐ approch. Enzyme deactivation was investigated in 0.1, 0.3, 0.57, and 1 m i.d. vessels. Enzyme solution was subjected to hydrodynamic stress using various types of impellers and impeller combinations over a wide range of power consumption (0.03 < P G/V < 7, kW/m3). The effects of tank diameter, impeller diameter, blade width, blade angle, and the number of blades on the extent of deactivation were investigated. At equal value of P G/V, max, and γ avg, the extent of deactivation was dramatically different for different impeller types. The extent of deactivation was found to correlate well with the average turbulent normal stress and the mass transfer coefficient.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Institute of Chemical Technology, University of Mumbai, Matunga, Mumbai-400019, India
Publication date: January 1, 2006