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Oleic Acid Ameliorates Amyloidosis in Cellular and Mouse Models of Alzheimer's Disease

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Several lines of evidence support protective as well as deleterious effects of oleic acid (OA) on Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other neurological disorders; however, the bases of these effects are unclear. Our investigation demonstrates that amyloid precursor protein (APP) 695 transfected Cos-7 cells supplemented with OA have reduced secreted amyloid-beta (Aβ) levels. An early-onset AD transgenic mouse model expressing the double-mutant form of human APP, Swedish (K670N/M671L) and Indiana (V717F), corroborated our in vitro findings when they were fed a high-protein, low-fat (18% reduction), cholesterol-free diet enriched with OA. These mice exhibited an increase in Aβ40/Aβ42 ratio, reduced levels of beta-site APP cleaving enzyme (BACE) and reduced presenilin levels along with reduced amyloid plaques in the brain. The decrease in BACE levels was accompanied by increased levels of a non-amyloidogenic soluble form of APP (sAPPα). Furthermore, the low-fat/+OA diet resulted in an augmentation of insulin-degrading enzyme and insulin-like growth factor-II. These results suggest that OA supplementation and cholesterol intake restriction in a mouse model of AD reduce AD-type neuropathology.
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Keywords: Alzheimer's disease; Cos-7 cells; amyloid; oleic acid; plaques; transgenic mice

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Centre for Prions and Protein Folding Diseases, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada 2: Department of Anatomy & Cell Biology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada

Publication date: May 1, 2011

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