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Selective Inhibition of Early—but Not Late—Expressed HIF-1α Is Neuroprotective in Rats after Focal Ischemic Brain Damage

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Abstract

The expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1-alpha (HIF-1α) is upregulated in ischemic stroke, but its function is still unclear. In the present study, biphasic expression of HIF-1α was observed during 1–12 h and after 48 h in neurons exposed to ischemic stress in vitro and in vivo. Treating neurons with 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME2) 0.5 h after ischemic stress or pre-silencing HIF-1α with small interfering RNA (siRNA) decreased brain injury, brain edema and number of apoptotic cell, and downregulates Nip-like protein X (Nix) expression. Conversely, applying 2ME2 to neurons 8 h after ischemic stress or silencing the HIF-1α with siRNA 12 h after oxygen–glucose deprivation (OGD) increased neuron damage and decreased vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. Taken together, these results demonstrate that HIF-1α induced by ischemia in early and late times leads cellular apoptosis and survival, respectively, and provides a new insight into the divergent roles of HIF-1α expression in neurons after ischemic stroke.
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Keywords: 2ME2; HIF-1; MCAO; OGD; VEGF; cultured cortical neurons

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Institute of Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Research, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan, Taiwan.

Publication date: May 1, 2011

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