Effect of renal ischemia on urinary excretion of lithium in rats
Lithium, administered to patients with bipolar disorders, is mainly excreted in the urine, and tubular reabsorption is involved. This study characterized the renal excretion of lithium in rats subjected to renal ischemia for 60 min or 90 min. After intravenous injection of lithium chloride at 25 mg/kg, the pharmacokinetic parameters of lithium were determined. In sham‐operated rats, the renal clearance of lithium was calculated to be 1.49 ml/min/kg, and its ratio to creatinine clearance (fractional excretion) was 43.4%. Renal ischemia inhibited the renal excretion of lithium, and did not affect its fractional excretion. The urinary pH of rats with renal ischemia for 90 min was significantly higher than those of the other groups, and the linear regression with the fractional excretion of lithium in rats with renal ischemia showed a moderate correlation (r = 0.650, p = 0.00193). This study demonstrated the effect of renal ischemia on the renal excretion of lithium in rats. It was suggested that not only glomerular filtration but also the reabsorption of lithium was impaired by renal ischemia.
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