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Comparative pharmacokinetic study of paclitaxel and docetaxel in streptozotocin‐induced diabetic rats

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ABSTRACT

The pharmacokinetics of paclitaxel and docetaxel were compared in diabetic rats induced by streptozotocin (DMIS rats) and the impact of altered expression of cytochrome P450 3A (Cyp3A) and P‐glycoprotein (P‐gp) in the diabetic state. The pharmacokinetics of paclitaxel and docetaxel were determined after intravenous (5 mg/kg) and oral (30 and 40 mg/kg, respectively) administration to both groups and the mRNA expression levels of Cyp3A isozymes and Mdr1a and Mdr1b in the liver and small intestine were determined in control and DMIS rats. After intravenous administration, the AUC and clearance of paclitaxel and docetaxel were not significantly different in DMIS vs control rats. After oral administration, the AUC and C max of paclitaxel in DMIS rats were significantly greater than those in the control rats, whereas those of docetaxel was not changed significantly. The mRNA expression levels of hepatic Cyp3A1, Cyp3A9 and Mdr1b were significantly increased in DMIS compared with the control rats. In the intestine, Cyp3A62 expression decreased in the DMIS rats compared with the controls. Thus the pharmacokinetic changes of taxanes observed in the DMIS rats were attributed to changes in P‐gp and Cyp3A, predominant factors that control the absorption of paclitaxel and docetaxel, respectively. It seemed that there were different susceptibilities to intestinal P‐gp and Cyp3A between the two taxanes. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2012

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