Long‐term outcome of peroral endoscopic myotomy for achalasia treatment in a 9‐year‐old female patient
Achalasia is a primary motility disorder with incomplete lower esophageal sphincter relaxation; it has an annual incidence of 0.11 cases per 100 000 children. Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a new endoscopic treatment method for achalasia. Reports about POEM in pediatric patients are rare. We herein report the case of a 9‐year‐old female patient with achalasia who underwent POEM. The patient underwent endoscopic balloon dilatation because medication was not effective at a previous hospital; however, endoscopic balloon dilatation was not effective either. She then underwent successful POEM upon admission at our hospital. The patient was symptom‐free at 2 years postoperatively with no signs of esophagitis in the absence of proton‐pump inhibitor therapy.
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