What Factors Determine Student Performance in East Asia? New Evidence from the 2007 Trends in
This study investigates what factors determine students’ academic performance in 5 major Eastern Asian economies. It does so using data gathered through the 2007 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study. In a regression analysis, we explicitly consider initial maturity differences, endogeneity of class size and peer effects. We find that a student's individual and family backgrounds are key determinants of educational performance, while institutional and resource variables have a more limited effect. Peer effects are significant in general, but ability‐sorting at the school and/or class levels makes it difficult to interpret these effects in Hong Kong and Singapore.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 2012