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Identifying Financial Distress Indicators of Selected Banks in Asia

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The banking sector plays a pivotal role in the economic development of most Asian countries. In 1997, a full-fledged banking and financial crisis took place in South Asian countries. Many banks had to be bailed out by their governments. It is believed that an examination of indicators that led to the problems suffered by banks in this region will be of enormous benefit. Models were developed for each country that identified banks experiencing financial distress as a function of financial ratios. The countries in the study include Indonesia, South Korea and Thailand. The banking sectors of these three countries are ideal for this study, as the banks enjoyed profitability during the pre-crisis period and were the most severely affected by the financial crisis in 1997. Logistic regression was used to analyze the data sample from 1995 to 1997. In the findings, capital adequacy, loan management and operating efficiency are three common performance dimensions found to be able to identify problem banks in all three countries. It is hoped that the financial ratios and results of the models will be useful to bankers and regulators in identifying problem banks in Asia.
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Keywords: Asia; bank failure; credit risk; logistic regression; nancial indicators

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 2: DBS Bank, Singapore 3: Monetary Authority of Singapore 4: Credit Industrial et Commercial, Singapore

Publication date: March 1, 2004

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