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THE EGYPTIAN GREEN PIGMENT: ITS MANUFACTURING PROCESS AND LINKS TO EGYPTIAN BLUE

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The chemical and structural analysis of raw Egyptian blue and green pigment cakes and of 50 pigment samples taken from paintings kept in the Louvre Museum was performed using a set of analytical techniques (X-ray powder diffraction, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, Raman microscopy and UV spectrophotometry). The structural and morphological study of modern samples prepared on the basis of these results has provided technological data that help to explain ancient procedures. The role of the firing temperature, the atmospheric conditions in the furnace and the cooling rate are considered. The difference between Egyptian blue and Egyptian green pigment is proved. Manufacturing processes for their deliberate synthesis are proposed.
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Keywords: EGYPTIAN BLUE; EGYPTIAN GREEN; LIQUID-PHASE NUCLEATION; PARAWOLLASTONITE; PIGMENT; SINTERING PROCESS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France, LRMF-UMR 171 CNRS, Palais du Louvre, C2RMF, 6 rue des Pyramides, 75041 Paris cedex 01, France

Publication date: November 1, 2003

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