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Shape Analysis of the Corpus Callosum and Cerebellum in Female MS Patients with Different Clinical Phenotypes

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the shape differences in the corpus callosum (CC) and cerebellum of female relapsing‐remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) patients compared with healthy controls. This study was conducted using the magnetic resonance imaging scans of 15 control subjects, 26 RRMS, and 14 SPMS patients. The data obtained from the landmark coordinates were analyzed with statistical shape analysis. The landmarks that were chosen to determine the shape differences of the CC and cerebellum have been identified and used in previous studies. In addition to these landmarks, constructed landmarks were determined and used to assess regional shape differences better. The shapes of the CC and cerebellum showed statistically significant differences from the controls when compared with both the RRMS and SPMS patients. It was found that the deformation observed from controls to SPMS was greater than the deformation from controls to RRMS, both for the CC and cerebellum. In conclusion, this study revealed CC and cerebellar shape change in RRMS and SPMS, and showed that deformations both in CC and cerebellum advances with the disease progression. Anat Rec, 2012. © 2012 Wiley‐Periodicals, Inc.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey 2: Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey 3: Department of Norology, Faculty of Medicine, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey 4: Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey

Publication date: July 1, 2012

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