Abnormal Development at Early Postimplantation Stage in Mouse Embryos After Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is an established procedure for the genetic analysis of embryos. To assess the effect of the procedure on early embryonic development, we generated a murine experimental system, including mice implanted with biopsied in vitro cultured embryos, control mice implanted with in vitro cultured embryos without biopsy, and mice with naturally conceived embryos. Embryos at the 7.5‐dpc stage were isolated from all three groups and the embryo implantation rate, the survival rate of implanted embryos, and the developmental stage of surviving embryos were carefully assessed and compared among all three groups. We found the implantation rate was similar between biopsied and control group embryos (67.92% vs. 66.67%). However, the survival rate of implanted embryos in the biopsied group (49.31%) was significantly lower than that of the control (60.91%) and normal groups (96.24%) at 7.5 dpc. In addition, the survival rate of control group embryos was significant lower than that of normal group embryos. Classification of the precise developmental stages of randomly selected live implanted embryos at 7.5 dpc revealed no differences among the three groups. Our results indicate that blastomere biopsy does not adversely affect embryo implantation. The PGD procedure, in particular blastomere biopsy, increases the rate of embryo death at 4.5–7.5 dpc, but does not affect the development of surviving 7.5 dpc embryos. Anat Rec, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Histology and Embryology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China 2: State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology, the Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China
Publication date: July 1, 2012