The Choice of Statistic on Which to Base Tight Upper Confidence Limits
We consider the problem of finding an upper 1 –α confidence limit (α < ½) for a scalar parameter of interest θ in the presence of a nuisance parameter vector ψ when the data are discrete. Using a statistic T as a starting point, Kabaila & Lloyd (1997) define what they call the tight upper limit with respect to T. This tight upper limit possesses certain attractive properties. However, these properties provide very little guidance on the choice of T itself. The practical recommendation made by Kabaila & Lloyd (1997) is that T be an approximate upper 1 –α confidence limit for θ rather than, say, an approximately median unbiased estimator of θ. We derive a large sample approximation which provides strong theoretical support for this recommendation.
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