Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Exercise tolerance, lung function abnormalities, anemia, and cardiothoracic ratio in sickle cell patients

Buy Article:

$52.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Many patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) have a reduced exercise capacity and abnormal lung function. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) can identify causes of exercise limitation. Forty‐four consecutive SCD patients (27 HbSS, 11 HbSC, and 6 HbS‐beta thalassemia) with a median age (interquartile range) of 26 (21–41) years underwent pulmonary function tests, CPET, chest x‐ray, and echocardiography to further characterize exercise limitation in SCD. Peak oxygen uptake (V′O2‐peak), expressing maximum exercise capacity, was decreased in 83% of the studied patients. V′O2‐peak correlated with hemoglobin levels (R = 0.440, P = 0.005), forced vital capacity (FVC) (R = 0.717, P < 0.0001). Cardiothoracic ratio on chest x‐ray inversely correlated with FVC (R = −0.637, P < 0.001). According to criteria for exercise limitation, the patients were limited in exercise capacity due to anemia (n = 17), cardiovascular dysfunction (n = 2), musculoskeletal function (n = 10), pulmonary ventilatory abnormalities (n = 1), pulmonary vascular exercise limitation (n = 1), and poor effort (n = 3). In the present study we demonstrate that anemia is the most important determinant of reduced exercise tolerance observed in SCD patients without signs of pulmonary hypertension. We found a strong correlation between various parameters of lung volume and cardiothoracic ratio and we hypothesize that cardiomegaly and relative small chest size may be important causes of the impairment in pulmonary function, that is, reduced long volumes and diffusion capacity, in SCD. Taking into account anthropomorphic differences between SCD patients and controls could help to interpret lung function studies in SCD better. Am. J. Hematol. 89:819–824, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2014

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more