Good clinical activity and favorable toxicity profile of once weekly bortezomib, fotemustine, and dexamethasone (B‐MuD) for the treatment of relapsed multiple myeloma
Since multiple myeloma (MM) is still not‐curable, the management of relapse remains challenging. Given the known efficacy of alkylating agents in MM, we conducted a phase I/II study to test a new three drug combination in which Fotemustine (Muphoran), an alkylating agent of nitrosurea family, was added to bortezomib + dexamethasone backbone (B‐MuD) for the treatment of MM relapsed patients. Fotemustine was administered at two dose levels (80–100 mg/m2 i.v.) on day 1. The original 21‐day schedule was early amended for extra‐hematological toxicity and a 35‐day schedule was adopted (Bortezomib 1.3 mg/m2 i.v. on days 1, 8, 15, and 22, Dexamethasone 20 mg i.v. on days 1, 8, 15, and 22) for a total of six courses. Twenty‐four patients were enrolled. The maximum tolerated dose of Fotemustine was 100 mg/m2. The overall response rate was of 62% (CR 8%, VGPR 33%, and PR 21%). The median OS was 28.5 months, the median progression‐free survival (PFS) was 19.1 months. B‐MuD resulted effective in patients previous exposed to bortezomib without difference of response (P = 0.25) and PFS (P = 0.87) when compared to bortezomib‐naive patients. Thrombocytopenia was the most common AE overall. In conclusion, B‐MuD is an effective and well tolerated combination in relapsed MM patients even in advanced disease phase. © Am. J. Hematol., 88:102–106, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 2013