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Segmentation of circular casting defects using a robust algorithm

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In this paper, we describe three methods for detecting defects in cast aluminium using X-radioscopic images. The first method is based on the assumption that most defects have the shape of a circular high-intensity spot. Therefore, defects are detected using a template matching-like algorithm. This method works well when the defects are far enough from the edges of the major shapes in the image, and when the image gives a closer view of the defect. The second method deals with the defects which are closer to the edges in the image, and therefore are missed by the first method. This method distinguishes between defects and edges by using the following properties of a defect: they are local maxima of the image intensity, and the distribution of the intensity in a patch around the defect should resemble more that of a corner than that of an edge. Both local maxima and corner-like properties are computed using the second order derivatives of the image intensities, and the Harris Corner Detector algorithm. The third algorithm is a simple combination of the aforementioned methods in which a pixel is considered to be a defect if it is detected as a defect by either of the two methods. We present experiments using the third method showing that 94.3% of the defects are correctly detected, with only 1.3 false alarms per image.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Center for Imaging Science, Johns Hopkins University.

Publication date: 01 October 2005

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