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Antecedent influences on challenging behaviour: a preliminary assessment of the reliability, generalisability and validity of the Ecological Interview

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Background: People with intellectual disabilities who display challenging behaviour are often exposed to a range of negative outcomes, including social and material deprivation, abusive practices and disruption to family life. Several studies have linked specific antecedent events to the occurrence of challenging behaviour.

Method and materials: The present study describes the further development of an indirect method of identifying antecedent influences on challenging behaviour by assessing the reliability, generalisability and validity of the Ecological Interview (EI). Twenty care workers providing direct support to individuals with intellectual disabilities and challenging behaviour were interviewed using the EI.

Results: The EI has good test–retest reliability and generalisability, and moderate validity.

Conclusions: The results of the study are discussed in terms of their implications for clinical practice and future research, and recommendations are made regarding alternative methods of assessing validity.
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Keywords: ANTECEDENTS; CHALLENGING BEHAVIOUR; ESTABLISHING OPERATIONS; FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIOUR ASSESSMENT; MOTIVATING OPERATIONS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 September 2012

More about this publication?
  • Positive behavioural support (PBS) combines the conceptual framework of applied behaviour analysis with the values base of social role valorisation and framework of person-centred approaches. The International Journal of Positive Behavioural Support is a peer-reviewed publication that aims to:

    · define and promote good practice in relation to the use of PBS

    · add to the evidence base regarding such interventions

    · demonstrate how PBS interventions can support people to change their challenging behaviours, improve their quality of life, and result in reductions in the use of restrictive procedures (such as physical intervention, seclusion and as required medication)

    · bridge the gap between academic research and service practice
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