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Substrate Specificity Profiling of Peptidyl-Lys Metallopeptidase of Armillaria mellea by FRET Based Peptide Library

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Determining the substrate specificity of a protease is essential for developing assays, inhibitors and understanding the mechanisms of the enzyme. In this work, we have profiled the specificity of Peptidyl-Lys metallopeptidase, (LysN), of Armillaria mellea, by a synthetic fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) positional-scanning library. The library was based on a reference sequence K(Abz)-S-A-Q-K-M-V-S-K(Dnp), where the fluorescent donor is 2-aminobenzamide and the quencher is N-2,4-dinitrophenyl. Each position was varied between 19 different amino acids one by one, to reveal the specificity of the protease. LysN exhibits strict specificity for lysine in S1’, and has less specificity moving further away from the scissile bond. Additivity between the subsites was observed and the best substrate identified was K(Abz)-M-R-F-K-R-R-R-K(Dnp) with a kcat/KM of 42.6 ┬ÁM/s. Based on a homology structure model the reference substrate was fitted into the active site using molecular dynamics to propose peptide-enzyme interactions.
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Keywords: Enzyme kinetics; fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET); homology modeling; metalloprotease; proteolysis; substrate specificity

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2015

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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