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Sesame Seed Lignans: Potent Physiological Modulators and Possible Ingredients in Functional Foods & Nutraceuticals

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Sesame seed contains very high levels (up to 2.5%) of furofuran lignans with beneficial physiological activities, mainly sesamin, sesamolin, and sesaminol glucosides. Reported activities of sesame seed lignans include inter alias modulation of fatty acid metabolism, inhibition of cholesterol absorption and biosynthesis, antioxidant and vitamin E-sparing effects, hypotensive effects, improvement of liver functions in connection with alcohol metabolism, and antiaging effects. This review comprehends patents pertinent to the preparations and uses of sesame seed lignans in health promotion.





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Keywords: 2-epi-sesalatin; Modulators; Mortierella alpine; Pedaliaceae; Potent; S. alatum; S. angolense; S. angustifolium; Sesame; Sesamum indicum; calorie wasting; dihydrofuran rings; functional foods; insecticidal; lignans; liver cell hypertrophy; methylenedioxyphenyl function; nutraceuticals; pinoresinol diglucosides; piperonyl butoxide; pyrethrins; retenones; sesamin; sesaminol; sesaminol glucosides; sesamol; sesamolin; sesamolinol; sesangolin; synergist; uncouplingproteins (UCPs)

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2011

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  • Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture publishes review and research articles, and guest edited thematic issues on recent patents in all fields of food science & technology, nutrition and agricultural science & technology. A selection of important and recent patents in the areas covered is also included in the journal. The journal is essential reading for all researchers involved in food, nutrition and agricultural sciences and technology. The journal also covers recent research (where patents have been registered) in fast emerging technologies related to food additives, micro & macro-molecular food supplements, edible alternatives, food technology, nutraceuticals, healthy diet, nutritional value, calorie intake, malnutrition & related diseases, plant derivatives, agricultural technology and products, crop improvement and safety issues related to food, nutrition & agriculture.
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