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Antitumor Activities of Interleukin-27 on Melanoma

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The worldwide incidence of malignant melanoma has been steadily increasing, and it has become a major public health problem in many countries. Melanoma has been considered as a prototypical “immunogenic” tumor on the basis of clinical observations showing that primary lesions can spontaneously regress and that immunosuppressed individuals have an increased incidence of melanoma. Thus, various immunological therapies have been intensively conducted for the treatment of melanoma.

Interleukin(IL)-27 is a IL-12-related heterodimeric cytokine composed of p28 and EBV-induced gene 3 subunits that are structurally related to the p35 and p40 subunits of IL-12, respectively. Recent studies reveal that IL-27 exhibits not only potent antitumor immune activities via cytotoxic T lymphocytes or natural killer cells but also an antiangiogenic effect. We recently clarified that IL-27 possesses an antiproliferative activity on melanoma cells. This review summarizes antitumor responses induced by IL-27 and novel anti-melanoma activities of IL-27.

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Keywords: Antitumor Activities; Interleukin-27; cytokine; immunological therapies; malignant melanoma

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2010

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  • This journal is devoted to timely reviews of experimental and clinical studies in the field of endocrine, metabolic, and immune disorders. Specific emphasis is placed on humoral and cellular targets for natural, synthetic, and genetically engineered drugs that enhance or impair endocrine, metabolic, and immune parameters and functions. Topics related to the neuroendocrine-immune axis are given special emphasis in view of the growing interest in stress-related, inflammatory, autoimmune, and degenerative disorders.
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