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Biologically Active 4-Thiazolidinones: A Review of QSAR Studies and QSAR Modeling of Antitumor Activity

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4-Thiazolidinone is a promising scaffold for the search of new potential antibacterial, antiviral, antidiabetic and anticancer agents etc. SAR analysis of the most potent compounds and different activities evaluation provide a solid background for de novo design of novel drugs. Current review summarizes recent QSAR studies on the 4-thiazolidinones making the emphasis on both technical and interpretative sides of reported models. Several papers among them are devoted to the anticancer activity of 4-thiazolidinone derivatives and are reporting QSAR models that were obtained via multiple linear regressions (MLR). Additionally, a non-linear approach, namely Gaussian processes, has been applied to identify the relationships between 4-thiazolidinones structure and tumor cell growth inhibition. The interpretation of the reported model highlights the core template for the design of new highly-potent anticancer agents and proposes a hypothesis about key role of Hydrogen at the N-atom three bonds away from thiazolidine in the interaction with biotarget.
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Keywords: 2,4-thiazolidinediones; 4-thiazolidinones; Anticancer activity; Gaussian processes; QSAR; rhodanines

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2012

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