Skip to main content

Stem Cell Based Preclinical Drug Development and Toxicity Prediction

Buy Article:

$68.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Stem cell based toxicity prediction plays a very important role in the development of the drug. Unexpected adverse effects of the drugs during clinical trials are a major reason for the termination or withdrawal of drugs. Methods for predicting toxicity employ in vitro as well as in vivo models; however, the major drawback seen in the data derived from these animal models is the lack of extrapolation, owing to interspecies variations. Due to these limitations, researchers have been striving to develop more robust drug screening platforms based on stem cells. The application of stem cells based toxicity testing has opened up robust methods to study the impact of new chemical entities on not only specific cell types, but also organs. Pluripotent stem cells, as well as cells derived from them, can be evaluated for modulation of cell function in response to drugs. Moreover, the combination of state-of-the -art techniques such as tissue engineering and microfluidics to fabricate organ- on-a-chip, has led to assays which are amenable to high throughput screening to understand the adverse and toxic effects of chemicals and drugs. This review summarizes the important aspects of the establishment of the embryonic stem cell test (EST), use of stem cells, pluripotent, induced pluripotent stem cells and organoids for toxicity prediction and drug development.

Keywords: Stem cell; drug development; high throughput screening; induced pluripotent stem cell; organoids; toxicity prediction

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: May 1, 2021

This article was made available online on December 1, 2020 as a Fast Track article with title: "Stem Cell Based Preclinical Drug Development and Toxicity Prediction".

More about this publication?
  • Current Pharmaceutical Design publishes timely in-depth reviews covering all aspects of current research in rational drug design. Each issue is devoted to a single major therapeutic area. A Guest Editor who is an acknowledged authority in a therapeutic field has solicits for each issue comprehensive and timely reviews from leading researchers in the pharmaceutical industry and academia.

    Each thematic issue of Current Pharmaceutical Design covers all subject areas of major importance to modern drug design, including: medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, drug targets and disease mechanism.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Call for Papers
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content