Atherosclerosis is regarded as a chronic inflammatory disease associated with changes in the innate immune system functioning and cytokine disturbances. Local inflammation in the arterial wall is an important component in the development and growth of atherosclerotic plaques. Inside
the lesions, both pro- and antiinflammatory cytokines were detected, highlighting the complexity of the atherosclerotic process. However, little is known about the expression of these signaling molecules in early human atherosclerotic lesions. In this study, we explored localization of a pro-inflammatory
cytokine, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), and anti-inflammatory chemokine, C-C motif chemokine ligand 18 (CCL18), in the arterial wall of human aorta. We noticed differences in the intensity of staining for TNFα and CCL18 in atherosclerotic lesions and grossly normal areas,
as well as differences in their localization. While CCL18 prevailed in the areas close to the aortic lumen, TNFα was localized in deeper layers of the intima. We next studied the expression of TNFα and CCL18 mRNA in lesions corresponding to different stages of atherosclerosis progression
and found that it was maximal in lipofibrous plaques that are most enriched in lipids. To test the hypothesis that cytokine expression can be associated with lipid accumulation, we studied the TNFα and CCL18 expression profiles in primary human monocyte-derived macrophages after inducing
lipid accumulation by incubating cultured cells with atherogenic LDL. We found that intracellular cholesterol accumulation was associated with upregulation of both TNFα and CCL18, confirming our hypothesis. These results encourage further investigation of cytokine expression in human
atherosclerotic lesions and its role in the atherosclerosis progression.
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
Document Type: Research Article
July 1, 2018
This article was made available online on September 26, 2018 as a Fast Track article with title: "Tumor Necrosis Factor-α and C-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 18 Associate with Atherosclerotic Lipid Accumulation In situ and In vitro".
More about this publication?
Current Pharmaceutical Design publishes timely in-depth reviews covering all aspects of current research in rational drug design. Each issue is devoted to a single major therapeutic area. A Guest Editor who is an acknowledged authority in a therapeutic field has solicits for each issue comprehensive and timely reviews from leading researchers in the pharmaceutical industry and academia.
Each thematic issue of Current Pharmaceutical Design covers all subject areas of major importance to modern drug design, including: medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, drug targets and disease mechanism.
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Subscribe to this Title
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites