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Mitochondrial Biogenesis in Health and Disease. Molecular and Therapeutic Approaches

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Mitochondrial biogenesis (MB) is the essential mechanism by which cells control the number of mitochondria. Cells respond to different physiologic, metabolic, and pathologic changes by regulating this organelle with high morphological and functional adaptability. A considerable number of proteins, transcription factors, upstream regulatory proteins and secondary mechanisms are involved in MB and the stabilization of new mitochondrial DNA. These MB activators and regulators, including the main participating proteins (e.g. PGC-1α and mtTFA), are candidates for therapeutic intervention in diverse diseases, like neurodegenerative disorders, metabolic syndrome, sarcopenia, cardiac pathophysiology and physiological processes like aging. In this review, we analyze the implication of MB in several diseases in which the MB pathway is affected. Furthermore, we describe therapeutical interventions on MB targets to boost MB for the prevention and treatment of human diseases. Furthermore, evidence based results and the knowledge gained during last years for some of these drugs aim us hypothesize about the value of a given treatment involved in the activation of MB.
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Keywords: Aging; cardiac diseases; metabolic syndrome; neurodegenerative diseases; renal diseases; sarcopenia

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2014

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  • Current Pharmaceutical Design publishes timely in-depth reviews covering all aspects of current research in rational drug design. Each issue is devoted to a single major therapeutic area. A Guest Editor who is an acknowledged authority in a therapeutic field has solicits for each issue comprehensive and timely reviews from leading researchers in the pharmaceutical industry and academia.

    Each thematic issue of Current Pharmaceutical Design covers all subject areas of major importance to modern drug design, including: medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, drug targets and disease mechanism.
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