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New Insights in Drug-Induced Mitochondrial Toxicity

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Drug-induced mitochondrial toxicity is rapidly gaining recognition within the pharmaceutical industry as a contributor to compound attrition and post-market drug withdrawals. This article describes the mechanisms which lead to drug-induced mitochondrial toxicity, discusses high-throughput in vitro assays which are currently being used to identify mitochondrial dysfunction, and provides an overview on some of the drugs which impair mitochondrial function. While considerable progress has been made in the development of highthroughput assays to screen for mitochondrial impairment in vitro, much remains to be done. This includes the development of in silico models to predict drug-induced mitochondrial impairment, wider acceptance of suitable animal models, identification and validation of relevant biomarkers, and the translation of in vitro/in vivo results to clinical outcomes.





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Keywords: Mitochondrial toxicity; Valproic acid; cations; compound attrition; drug; dyslipidemia; glycolysis; in vitro assay; oxidative phosphorylation; ubiquinone

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2011

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  • Current Pharmaceutical Design publishes timely in-depth reviews covering all aspects of current research in rational drug design. Each issue is devoted to a single major therapeutic area. A Guest Editor who is an acknowledged authority in a therapeutic field has solicits for each issue comprehensive and timely reviews from leading researchers in the pharmaceutical industry and academia.

    Each thematic issue of Current Pharmaceutical Design covers all subject areas of major importance to modern drug design, including: medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, drug targets and disease mechanism.
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