Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Toll-Like Receptors: Cost or Benefit for Cancer?

Buy Article:

$68.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

The function of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family members has been extensively studied in the recent decades. The TLR family is generally involved in the defense against microbial infections. TLRs are expressed mainly on macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs) and activate these cells upon ligand binding. The activation of TLRs basically initiates innate immune response, but can also induce adaptive immune response. TLRs have also been found on epithelial and tumor cells, but their role on tumor cells is still unclear. In some tumor types TLRs promote tumor proliferation and survival, while in others TLR2, -3 and -9 have been shown to be directly involved in apoptosis. Therefore, they seem to be promising candidates for the development of new, effective therapeutic options. It is however necessary to conduct comprehensive studies to assess the significance of these receptors in neoplastic cells. TLR ligands can also be used as immunostimulatory molecules to boost immune system in anticancer treatment. In this respect TLRs have been used in numerous preclinical and clinical studies. However, adjuvants can evoke distinct immune responses, either beneficial or deleterious in the neoplastic setting. Moreover, neoplastic processes may also subvert different signaling pathways and thereby advance cancer progression. From both points of view careful selection of adjuvants is a necessary prerequisite for cancer patients' treatment. Thus, TLRs have a dual role, when used as a target for immunostimulation, as well as when used directly to kill the cancer cell.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Toll-like receptors; apoptosis; cancer progression; immunotherapy; invasiveness; signal transduction; tumor cells

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Rudjer Boskovic Institute,Division of Molecular Medicine, Bijenicka 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.

Publication date: March 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Current Pharmaceutical Design publishes timely in-depth reviews covering all aspects of current research in rational drug design. Each issue is devoted to a single major therapeutic area. A Guest Editor who is an acknowledged authority in a therapeutic field has solicits for each issue comprehensive and timely reviews from leading researchers in the pharmaceutical industry and academia.

    Each thematic issue of Current Pharmaceutical Design covers all subject areas of major importance to modern drug design, including: medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, drug targets and disease mechanism.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more