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Pain Treatment: A Historical Overview

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Pain is a common experience of mankind. Pain theories and the management of pain have been modified throughout the history of mankind. This article gives a brief review on pain, pain believes and pain management from early magico-demonic and magico-religeous ideas and procedures to more empiric-scientific models; from ancient times and primitive cultures to the 20 th century. Due to new anatomical, physiological and biochemical insights, modern pain theories developed in the 19 th and 20 th century. Modern analgesics were synthesized and new invasive procedures were approved having a major impact on pain management strategies. However, older traditional beliefs and attitudes have not been replaced completely and have survived to some degree in modern patients.
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Keywords: magico-demonic; magico-religeous

Document Type: Review Article

Affiliations: Department of Anesthesiology, University of Cologne, 50924 Cologne.

Publication date: 01 March 2004

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  • Current Pharmaceutical Design publishes timely in-depth reviews covering all aspects of current research in rational drug design. Each issue is devoted to a single major therapeutic area. A Guest Editor who is an acknowledged authority in a therapeutic field has solicits for each issue comprehensive and timely reviews from leading researchers in the pharmaceutical industry and academia.

    Each thematic issue of Current Pharmaceutical Design covers all subject areas of major importance to modern drug design, including: medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, drug targets and disease mechanism.
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