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The Insulin-sensitizing Role of the Fat Derived Hormone Adiponectin

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Adiponectin is an insulin-sensitizing hormone whose blood concentration is reduced in obesity and type 2 diabetes. Administration of recombinant adiponectin in rodents increases glucose uptake and increases fat oxidation in muscle, reduces fatty acid uptake and hepatic glucose production in liver, and improves whole body insulin resistance. The exact receptor and signaling systems are unknown, however, recent studies suggest adiponectin activates AMPK, a putative master metabolic regulator. Thus, excitement surrounds the potential for adiponectin, or a homologue of adiponectin, as pharamacotherapy agents for patients suffering from the metabolic syndrome and more particularly for individuals with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.

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Keywords: adiponectin; fatty acid oxidation; hepatic glucose production; insulin sensitivity; type 2 diabetes

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: July 1, 2003

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  • Current Pharmaceutical Design publishes timely in-depth reviews covering all aspects of current research in rational drug design. Each issue is devoted to a single major therapeutic area. A Guest Editor who is an acknowledged authority in a therapeutic field has solicits for each issue comprehensive and timely reviews from leading researchers in the pharmaceutical industry and academia.

    Each thematic issue of Current Pharmaceutical Design covers all subject areas of major importance to modern drug design, including: medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, drug targets and disease mechanism.
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