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Densification Behavior and Mechanical Properties of Biomimetic Apatite Nanocrystals

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Nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (nHA) of 50 nm average diameter and length to diameter ratio of > 3 was synthesized by biomimetic method. Non-isothermal sintering improved densification behavior and mechanical properties of apatite to 0.88 maximum fractional density, 70MPa bending strength, 148MPa compressive strength and 2.53GPa microhardness at sintering temperature of 1250° C. Higher sintering temperatures resulted in the decomposition of the apatite and in-situ biphasic calcium phosphate HAP/TCP formation. This process lowered apatite densification and weakened mechanical properties of the sintered specimen. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) helped to elucidate the structure/property correlations.

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Keywords: Apatite; HAP/TCP; bending stress; biomimetic; biphasic calcium phosphate; compressive stress; densification; grain size; hardness; mechanical properties; nanocrystal; osteointegrative applications; sintering

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2011

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  • Current Nanoscience publishes authoritative reviews and original research reports, written by experts in the field on all the most recent advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology. All aspects of the field are represented including nano- structures, synthesis, properties, assembly and devices. Applications of nanoscience in biotechnology, medicine, pharmaceuticals, physics, material science and electronics are also covered. The journal is essential to all involved in nanoscience and its applied areas.
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