Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Neurochemistry of the Nucleus Accumbens and its Relevance to Depression and Antidepressant Action in Rodents

Buy Article:

$68.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

There is accumulating evidence that the nucleus accumbens (NAc) plays an important role in the pathophysiology of depression. Given that clinical depression is marked by anhedonia (diminished interest or pleasure), dysfunction of the brain reward pathway has been suggested as contributing to the pathophysiology of depression.

Since the NAc is the center of reward and learning, it is hypothesized that anhedonia might be produced by hampering the function of the NAc. Indeed, it has been reported that stress, drug exposure and drug withdrawal, all of which produce a depressive-phenotype, alter various functions within the NAc, leading to inhibited dopaminergic activity in the NAc.

In this review, we describe various factors as possible candidates within the NAc for the initiation of depressive symptoms. First, we discuss the roles of several neurotransmitters and neuropeptides in the functioning of the NAc, including dopamine, glutamate, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), acetylcholine, serotonin, dynorphin, enkephaline, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB), melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) and cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART). Second, based on previous studies, we propose hypothetical relationships among these substances and the shell and core subregions of the NAc.

No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Depression; acetylcholine; cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB); dopamine; dynorphin; glutamate; nucleus accumbens; γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Psychiatry, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chiba 260-8677, Japan.

Publication date: October 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Current Neuropharmacology aims to provide current, timely and comprehensive reviews of all areas of neuropharmacology and related matters of neuroscience. The journal publishes reviews written by experts and leaders in the fields of molecular, cellular, and systems/behavioural aspects of neuropharmacology and neuroscience. The journal serves as a comprehensive, multidisciplinary expert forum for neuropharmacologists and neuroscientists.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more