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Nuclear Factor-Kappa B: From Clone to Clinic

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Nuclear transcription factor κB (NF-κB) was first discovered in 1986 in the nucleus of the B cell as an enhancer in the κ immunoglobulin chain. However, this factor has identified in the cytoplasm in the resting state. When activated in response to inflammatory stimuli, carcinogens, stress, ionizing radiation, and growth factors; NF-κB translocates to the nucleus where it upregulates the expression of over 400 different gene products linked with inflammation, cell survival, proliferation, invasion, and angiogenesis. The activation of NF- κB has now been linked with a variety of inflammatory diseases, including cancer and pulmonary, autoimmune, skin, neurodegenerative, and cardiovascular disorders. Indeed, constitutive NF-κB activation frequently correlates with the proliferation, survival, chemoresistance, radioresistance, and progression of various cancers. Hence, NF-κB has both diagnostic and prognostic applications. In addition, pharmaceutical companies are aggressively pursuing development of inhibitors of NF-κB with therapeutic potential. Thus within last decades this transcription factor, discovered serendipitously, has moved from “clone to clinic”.





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Keywords: Alzheimers disease; Antherosclerosis; Multiple sclerosis; Neisseria gonorrhoeae; pulmonary disorders

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2007

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  • Current Molecular Medicine is an interdisciplinary journal focused on providing the readership with current and comprehensive reviews on fundamental molecular mechanisms of disease pathogenesis, the development of molecular-diagnosis and/or novel approaches to rational treatment. The reviews should be of significant interest to basic researchers and clinical investigators in molecular medicine. Periodically the journal will invite guest editors to devote an issue on a basic research area that shows promise to advance our understanding of the molecular mechanism(s) of a disease or has potential for clinical applications.
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