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MRP4/ABCC4 As a New Therapeutic Target: Meta-Analysis to Determine cAMP Binding Sites as a Tool for Drug Design

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MRP4 transports multiple endogenous and exogenous substances and is critical not only for detoxification but also in the homeostasis of several signaling molecules. Its dysregulation has been reported in numerous pathological disorders, thus MRP4 appears as an attractive therapeutic target. However, the efficacy of MRP4 inhibitors is still controversial. The design of specific pharmacological agents with the ability to selectively modulate the activity of this transporter or modify its affinity to certain substrates represents a challenge in current medicine and chemical biology. The first step in the long process of drug rational design is to identify the therapeutic target and characterize the mechanism by which it affects the given pathology. In order to develop a pharmacological agent with high specific activity, the second step is to systematically study the structure of the target and identify all the possible binding sites. Using available homology models and mutagenesis assays, in this review we recapitulate the up-to-date knowledge about MRP structure and aligned amino acid sequences to identify the candidate MRP4 residues where cyclic nucleotides bind. We have also listed the most relevant MRP inhibitors studied to date, considering drug safety and specificity for MRP4 in particular. This meta-analysis platform may serve as a basis for the future development of inhibitors of MRP4 cAMP specific transport.
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Keywords: Drug design; MRP inhibitors; MRP4/ABCC4; binding sites; cAMP; therapeutic-target

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: February 1, 2019

This article was made available online on February 7, 2018 as a Fast Track article with title: "MRP4/ABCC4 As a New Therapeutic Target: Meta-Analysis to Determine cAMP Binding Sites as a Tool for Drug Design".

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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