Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Mitochondrial Generation of Reactive Oxygen Species and its Role in Aerobic Life

Buy Article:

$68.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Mitochondria are the major site for the generation of ATP at the expense of molecular oxygen. Significant fractions (∼2%) of oxygen are converted to the superoxide radical and its reactive metabolites (ROS) in and around mitochondria. Although ROS have been known to impair a wide variety of biological molecules including lipids, proteins and DNA, thereby causing various diseases, they also play critical roles in the maintenance of aerobic life. Because mitochondria are the major site of free radical generation, they are highly enriched with antioxidants including GSH and enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase, on both sides of their membranes to minimize oxidative stress in and around this organelle. The present work reviews the sites and mechanism of ROS generation by mitochondria, mitochondrial localization of Mn-SOD and Cu,Zn-SOD which has been postulated for a long time to be a cytosolic enzyme. The present work also describes that a cross-talk of molecular oxygen, nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide radicals regulates the circulation, energy metabolism, apoptosis, and functions as a major defense system against pathogens. Pathophysiological significance of ROS generation by mitochondria in the etiology of aging, cancer and degenerative neuronal diseases is also described.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: apoptosis; cancer; electron transport; mitochondrial dna; nitric oxide; oxidative stress; superoxide; superoxide dismutase

Document Type: Review Article

Affiliations: Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pathology, Osaka City University Medical School, 1-4-3 Asahimachi, Abeno, Osaka 545-8585, Japan.

Publication date: December 1, 2003

More about this publication?
  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more