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Open Access Polyglandular Autoimmune Syndromes

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Polyglandular Autoimmune Syndromes (PAS) form different clusters of autoimmune disorders characterized by the coexistence of at least two glandular autoimmune mediated diseases [1]. They are generally classified into three types: a very rare juvenile type 1(PAS I) and a relatively common adult type with (PAS II) or without adrenal failure (PAS III) [2, 3]. PAS I, also known as autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy (APECED), is associated with candidiasis, hypoparathyroidism, and adrenal failure. PAS II is associated with adrenal failure, thyroid diseases and type 1 diabetes mellitus. In this review we will shed light on both types of PAS including their clinical picture and ways of management.
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Keywords: AIRE gene mutation; Addison’s disease; Hashimoto's thyroiditis; candidiasis; chronic hypoparathyroidism; hyperthyroidism; polyglandular autoimmune syndromes; type I diabetes mellitus

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2012

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  • Current Immunology Reviews publishes frontier reviews on all the latest advances in clinical immunology. The journal's aim is to publish the highest quality review articles dedicated to clinical research in the field. The journal is essential reading for all researchers and clinicians in clinical immunology.
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