Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Chronic Inflammation: Role of Adipose Tissue and Modulation by Weight Loss

Buy Article:

$68.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Chronic inflammation has been linked with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. As an endocrine and inflammatory organ, adipose tissue is an important source of circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines. Current evidence strongly supports that chronic inflammation is associated with enlarged body fat mass. Moreover, inflammation is independently linked with abdominal, especially visceral fat mass, possibly due to the regional variation in adipose tissue cytokine production. In addition to pharmacological approaches, lifestyle modifications have been advocated for the treatment of chronic inflammation. A number of studies have indicated that either weight loss via energy restriction, or energy restriction plus other strategies (aerobic exercise, behavioral counseling, and liposuction), could reduce chronic inflammation. While the amount of weight loss tends to be important, exercise and other strategies may have additional effects. A few studies have reported weight loss effects on adipose tissue cytokine production. Weight loss reduces subcutaneous adipose tissue production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (i.e. interleukin 6, tumor necrosis factor alpha) and increases adipose expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines (i.e. interleukin 10, interleukin 1 receptor antagonist). More studies are needed to investigate the role of regional adipose tissue cytokine production in regulation of inflammation and the modulating effects of weight loss.

No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Adipose tissue; Cytokines; Inflammation; Weight loss

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: J. Paul Sticht Center on Aging, Section on Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, 1 Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA.

Publication date: February 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Current Diabetes Reviews publishes frontier reviews on all the latest advances on diabetes and its related areas e.g. pharmacology, pathogenesis, complications, epidemiology, clinical care, and therapy.

    The journal's aim is to publish the highest quality review articles dedicated to clinical research in the field. The journal is essential reading for all researchers and clinicians who are involved in the field of diabetes.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more