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Benzocaine loaded solid lipid nanoparticles: Formulation design, in vitro and in vivo evaluation of local anesthetic effect

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The aim of the present work is the development and evaluation of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) as carrier system for topical delivery of benzocaine (BZC) improving its local anesthesia aiming to produce a fast acting and long lasting topical formulation. BZC loaded SLNs were prepared using a full factorial design to study the influence of the type of polyoxyethylene sorbitan ester surfactants as well as their concentration as independent variables on the particle size, entrapment efficacy and zeta potential selected as dependent variables. Design of experiment (DOE) and the analysis of variance (ANOVA) were conducted to assess the optimization of the developed formulations. The results indicated that the fatty acid chain length of tested surfactants and their concentration had a significant effect on the studied responses. The optimized formulations were spherical in shape of mean particle diameters<350 nm with negatively charged surface <-20mV. Particles were characterized using differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray powder diffraction confirming the amorphous nature and the uniformity of drug inclusion in the lipid matrix. Optimized BZC-SLNs were incorporated into hydrogels characterized by a pseudoplastic non-Newtonian behavior. In vitro release study revealed an apparently biphasic release process with sustained release profile following Higuchi kinetics. BZC loaded SLNs hydrogels showed more potent anesthetic effect compared to BZC hydrogel evaluated using tail-flick analgesimeter, confirming significant improvement in both the intensity and duration of anesthetic effect. The above results proved that SLNs represent good candidates to encapsulate BZC improving its therapeutic efficacy for the topical treatment of pain.
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Keywords: Benzocaine; Design of experiment; Polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid esters; Solid lipid nanoparticles; Topical anesthesia; local anaesthetic

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2015

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  • The aim of Current Drug Delivery is to publish peer-reviewed articles, short communications, short and in-depth reviews in the rapidly developing field of drug delivery. Modern drug research aims to build in delivery properties of a drug at the design phase, however in many cases this ideal cannot be met and the development of delivery systems becomes as important as the development as the drugs themselves.

    The journal aims to cover the latest outstanding developments in drug and vaccine delivery employing physical, physico-chemical and chemical methods. The drugs include a wide range of bioactive compounds from simple pharmaceuticals to peptides, proteins, nucleotides, nucleosides and sugars. The journal will also report progress in the fields of transport routes and mechanisms including efflux proteins and multi-drug resistance.

    The journal is essential for all pharmaceutical scientists involved in drug design, development and delivery.
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