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Design and Characterization of Sustained Release Mucoadhesive Microspheres of Tolterodine Tartrate

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The work was aim to design and characterize the sustained release mucoadhesive microspheres of Tolterodine tartrate prepared by non-aqueous solvent evaporation technique using ethyl cellulose based selected mucoadhesive polymers. Selected microspheres formulations of were found to be discrete, spherical and free flowing from the preliminary formulations. The microspheres exhibit good mucoadhesive property in in-vitro wash off test and showed high drug entrapment efficiency. Tolterodine tartrate release from these microspheres was slowed, extended and depended on the concentration of ethyl cellulose and type of mucoadhesive polymer used. In vitro drug release studies suggested that formulation F6c showed consistent drug release for up to 24 h time period. Among all the formulations, F6c containing ethyl cellulose with chitosan showed the reproducible results with best mucoadhesive profile and good surface morphology. The correlation value (r2) indicated that the drug release followed Higuchi model. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed significant difference in the release of drug from all formulations at P < 0.05 level. Accelerated stability study of optimized formulation (F6c) up to 3 month showed there was no change in drug content and release characteristics during storage.
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Keywords: Sphericity; in vitro drug release; in-vitro wash off test; mean dissolution time; swelling index

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2013

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  • The aim of Current Drug Delivery is to publish peer-reviewed articles, short communications, short and in-depth reviews in the rapidly developing field of drug delivery. Modern drug research aims to build in delivery properties of a drug at the design phase, however in many cases this ideal cannot be met and the development of delivery systems becomes as important as the development as the drugs themselves.

    The journal aims to cover the latest outstanding developments in drug and vaccine delivery employing physical, physico-chemical and chemical methods. The drugs include a wide range of bioactive compounds from simple pharmaceuticals to peptides, proteins, nucleotides, nucleosides and sugars. The journal will also report progress in the fields of transport routes and mechanisms including efflux proteins and multi-drug resistance.

    The journal is essential for all pharmaceutical scientists involved in drug design, development and delivery.
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