Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

The Mechanism of Interacting Biologically Active Complexes Dehydroepiandrosterone- or Tetrahydrocortisol-Apolipoprotein A-I with DNA and their Role in Enhancement of Gene Expression and Protein Biosynthesis in Hepatocytes

Buy Article:

$68.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEAS) and tetrahydrocortisol (THC) with apolipoprotein A-I form the biologically active complexes able to interact specifically with eukaryotic DNA. This conjugate is highly cooperative and results in local splitting of DNA. Specific binding sites of steroid-apoA-I complexes are the (GCC/GGC)n sequences. At the sites of splitting, single-stranded regions sensitized to the action of S1-nuclease form. These regions are irregularly distributed over DNA. The formation of single-stranded DNA regions can promote the interaction with RNA-polymerase. Formation of the biologically active THC (DHEA)-apoA-I complexes is related with resident macrophages having 5α- and 5 β-reductase activity. These complexes greatly enhance the rate of protein biosynthesis in hepatocytes. The cortisol-apoA-I complex does not show such effect. So, the reduced forms of fascicular zone and reticular cortex adrenal zone hormones have synergism of action toward gene expression and protein biosynthesis. The intensification of tissues regeneration during the stress period as a result of given mechanism is discussed.

No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: 3-keto group; BandScan program; Biologically Active Complexes; DNA; DNA structure; Endocrinology; Gene Expression; High density lipoproteins; Protein biosynthesis; RNA-polymerase; Radioactivity; UV-spectrum; X-ray Scattering; X-ray film; adrenal cortex; adrenal cortex fascicular zone; agarose gel. UV-photo; alcohol-ether; apolipoprotein AI; autoradiographs; bacteriophage; blood serum; buffer; chylomicrones; cortisol; dehydroepiandrosterone; densitometry data; electrophoresis; ether-ethanol mixture; eukaryotic; fascicular zones; gentamycin; glucocorticoids; gluconeogenesis enzymes; hepatocyte culture; hepatocytes; hormones; hybridization; hybridization of DNA; hydroxyl group; hypersensitive; leucine solution; luteinizing hormone; macromolecular; macrophages; optical density; reticular; ribosomal RNA; steroid hormones; stoichiometry; sulfate; tetrahydrocortisol; ultracentrifugation

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Current Chemical Biology aims to publish full-length and mini reviews on exciting new developments at the chemistry-biology interface, covering topics relating to Chemical Synthesis, Science at Chemistry-Biology Interface and Chemical Mechanisms of Biological Systems.

    Current Chemical Biology covers the following areas: Chemical Synthesis (Syntheses of biologically important macromolecules including proteins, polypeptides, oligonucleotides, oligosaccharides etc.; Asymmetric synthesis; Combinatorial synthesis; Diversity-oriented synthesis; Template-directed synthesis; Biomimetic synthesis; Solid phase biomolecular synthesis; Synthesis of small biomolecules: amino acids, peptides, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleosides; and Natural product synthesis).

    Science at Chemistry-Biology Interface (Chemical informatics; Macromolecular catalysts and receptors; Enzymatic synthesis; Biosynthetic engineering; Combinatorial biosynthesis; Plant cell based chemistry; Bacterial and viral cell based chemistry; Chemistry of cellular processes in plants/animals; Receptor chemistry; Cell signaling chemistry; Drug design through understanding of disease processes; Synthetic biology; New high throughput screening techniques; Small molecular array fabrication; Chemical genomics; Chemical and biological approaches to carbohydrates proteins and nucleic acids design; Chemical and biological regulation of biosynthetic pathways; and Unnatural biomolecular analogs).
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more