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A Review on Mosquitocidal Activity of Botanical Seed Derivatives

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Diseases that are vectored by mosquitoes, such as malaria and dengue, have important associated economic impacts in countries with tropical and subtropical climates because they have significant detrimental impacts on the workforce. Decreasing susceptibility and resistance have been ever-present threats since the introduction of synthetic insecticides. Compounding this is our inability to identify or create new major classes of pesticides since the discovery of pyrethroids. Plants rich in bioactive biodegradable phytochemicals of less toxicity to the environment are thought to provide the solution. This review specifically examines available research on the mosquitocidal activity of eighty-one species of plant seeds. The essential oils from seeds were found to demonstrate a range of larvicidal, adulticidal, growth regulating, ovicidal, oviposition deterrent, and repellent activities. The lethal concentrations and toxicity of more highly active botanicals are comparable to those of organophosphates, which makes them potential candidates for future laboratory investigation and field evaluation.
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Keywords: Bioinsecticide; botanical derivatives; mosquitocidal activity; mosquitoes; seeds

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2015

More about this publication?
  • The journal aims to provide updates to researchers about new bioactive compounds with proven activities in various biological screenings and pharmacological models. The journal will contain information about the structures, biological activities and sources of chemical entities discovered or designed by researchers and published in leading journals. The aim is to provide a valuable information source of bioactive compounds synthesized or isolated, which can be used for further development of pharmaceuticals by industry and academia.

    The journal should prove to be essential reading for pharmacologists, pharmaceutical chemists and medicinal chemists who wish to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments about new bioactive compounds of natural or synthetic origin, including recent patents.
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