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Progressive Spatial Memory Impairment, Brain Amyloid Deposition and Changes in Serum Amyloid Levels as a Function of Age in APPswe/PS1dE9 Mice

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Background: Mice co-expressing human amyloid precursor protein with the Swedish mutation (APPswe) and exon-9-deleted presenilin (PS1dE9) has become one of the most widely used mouse models for studying Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis and preclinical studies of AD therapeutic approaches.

Objective: In this study, we systematically investigated cognitive decline, amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition and cerebral or Aβ serum levels as well as the relationships among these measures in APPswe/PS1dE9 transgenic mice.

Method: APPswe/PS1dE9 mice were separated into four equal age cohorts (4, 6, 9, and 12 months). We assessed cognitive capacity, deposited plaques, and the levels of Aβ40/Aβ42 in brain tissue and serum of mice at different ages.

Results: APPswe/PS1dE9 mice exhibited declined memory beginning at 6 months of age, with cognitive capacity remarkably impaired at 12-months. Coincidently, amyloid deposits began to develop in transgenic mice brain at 6-months and increased with age. In addition, Aβ42 levels in brains of APPswe/ PS1dE9 mice increased with age with no parallel increase in Aβ40. The concentration of serum Aβ42 declined from 4 to 6 months of age, but a similar age-dependent decrease was not observed for Aβ40.

Conclusion: APPswe/PS1dE9 transgenic mice began to develop amyloid plaques at 6 months of age and exhibited a corresponding impairment of spatial learning capacity. Serum Aβ42 level decreased remarkably from 4 to 6 months, at which stage Aβ42 began to accumulate in the brain and deposit as plaques.
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Keywords: APPswe/PS1dE9 transgenic mice; Alzheimer's disease; amyloid deposition; cerebral Aβ42; cognitive decline; serum Aβ42

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2018

This article was made available online on August 6, 2018 as a Fast Track article with title: "Progressive Spatial Memory Impairment, Brain Amyloid Deposition and Changes in Serum Amyloid Levels as a Function of Age in APPswe/PS1dE9 Mice".

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  • Current Alzheimer Research publishes peer-reviewed frontier review and research articles on all areas of Alzheimer's disease. This multidisciplinary journal will help in understanding the neurobiology, genetics, pathogenesis, and treatment strategies of Alzheimer's disease. The journal publishes objective reviews written by experts and leaders actively engaged in research using cellular, molecular, and animal models. The journal also covers original articles on recent research in fast emerging areas of molecular diagnostics, brain imaging, drug development and discovery, and clinical aspects of Alzheimer's disease. Manuscripts are encouraged that relate to the synergistic mechanism of Alzheimer's disease with other dementia and neurodegenerative disorders. Book reviews, meeting reports and letters-to-the-editor are also published. The journal is essential reading for researchers, educators and physicians with interest in age-related dementia and Alzheimer's disease. Current Alzheimer Research provides a comprehensive 'bird's-eye view' of the current state of Alzheimer's research for neuroscientists, clinicians, health science planners, granting, caregivers and families of this devastating disease.
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