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Recent Advances in NNRTI Design: Computer-Aided Molecular Design Approaches

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Reverse transcriptase (RT), an essential enzyme for HIV-1 (human immunodeficiency virus type-1) life cycle, is a key target in drug discovery efforts against HIV-1 infection. Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) are very specific to HIV-1 RT and have relatively less toxicity than the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). However, the rapid emergence of drug-resistant viral strains has limited the therapeutic efficacy of these inhibitors. In this review, recent advances in computer-aided drug design (CADD) for design of new compounds against HIV-1 RT based on ligand-based drug design (LBDD) using 2D-and 3D-QSAR approaches, structure-based drug design (SBDD) with the combination of molecular docking, virtual screening and de novo drug design, molecular simulations and particular interaction calculated from quantum chemical calculations are discussed. Their successful applications are also highlighted.

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Keywords: Human immunodeficiency virus type-1; computer-aided drug design; ligand-based drug design; molecular simulation; non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors; quantum chemical calculations; structure-based drug design

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2009

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  • Current Computer-Aided Drug Design aims to publish all the latest developments in drug design based on computational techniques. The field of computer-aided drug design has had extensive impact in the area of drug design. Current Computer-Aided Drug Design is an essential journal for all medicinal chemists who wish to be kept informed and up-to-date with all the latest and important developments in computer-aided methodologies and their applications in drug discovery. Each issue contains a series of timely, in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field, covering a range of computational techniques for drug design, screening, ADME studies, etc., providing excellent rationales for drug development.
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