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Music creators and gender inequality in the Dutch music sector

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This article addresses how the position of women music creators differs from men. We clarify the general differences as well as financial gender inequality. Therefore, we draw on two sources. First, Buma/Stemra ‐ a copyrights collecting society ‐ provided a member database, including approximately 28,000 members. Second, as this database contains few variables besides sex and royalty revenues, we did an online survey amongst Buma/Stemra members. This survey included questions about background characteristics, income, work activities and satisfaction, their own work (in relation to gender), and their view on the gendered nature of the music industry.

First, women music creators differ from their male colleagues: they are less satisfied with their work activities and conditions, often feel not taken seriously as music creators, and are less comfortable promoting their work. Moreover, men and women differ in terms of time spent on different tasks. Finally, where women see the music industry as geared towards men, male music creators often do not see the music sector as a man’s world. They, therefore, explain gender inequality differently. Second, our analyses show that female sex/gender has a negative effect on both copyright revenues and income, even when controlled for age, years of membership, (music) education, and task activities.
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Keywords: income inequality; music creators; royalties

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2019

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  • Het Tijdschrift voor Genderstudies is het forum voor de wetenschappelijke problematisering van sekse in relatie tot andere vormen van discriminatie en uitsluiting zoals etniciteit, seksualiteit, klasse of leeftijd. Er worden artikelen in gepubliceerd over gendervraagstukken vanuit alle relevante disciplines die een wetenschappelijke bijdrage leveren aan debatten over gender en intersectionaliteit in Nederland en Vlaanderen. Het tijdschrift is een interdisciplinair medium op het kruispunt van maatschappij-, cultuur-, geestes-, gezondheids- en natuurwetenschappen. Het verschijnt vier keer per jaar en biedt wetenschappelijke artikelen en daarnaast ook interviews, boekrecensies, discussiedossiers en opiniërende artikelen in het Nederlands en Engels. Artikelen worden dubbelblind beoordeeld door externe deskundigen.

    The Tijdschrift voor Genderstudies (Journal of Gender Studies) is a Dutch language forum for the scientific problematisation of gender in relation to ethnicity, sexuality, class, and age. The journal aims to contribute to debates about gender and diversity in the Netherlands and Flanders. The journal is an interdisciplinary medium operating at the intersection of society, culture, the humanities, health and science. The editorial staff is open to articles about gender issues from different disciplines, and also accepts English articles. As well as publishing articles, the journal includes essays, columns (short topical and polemical articles), interviews, reviews, summaries of dissertations and conference reports. Articles are subjected to a double blind peer review process.
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