Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Generaals in de groei : De militaire representatie van de kindkeizers Gratianus en Honorius op munten en in lofdichten

Buy Article:

$15.00 + tax (Refund Policy)


Growing generals: the military representation of the child-emperors Gratian and Honorius on coins and in panegyric

Between 367 and 455 the Roman empire witnessed a series of children being elevated to the imperial throne. Meaghan McEvoy (2010; 2013) has convincingly shown that in the successive reigns of these child-emperors the imperial office was transformed from being active and military to being far more passive and ceremonial. Powerful generals were to take over the emperor’s military functions, while the young ruler came to fulfil an increasingly religious and ceremonial role. This article looks into the early phase of this transformation by investigating how the need for military leadership was dealt with in the cases of the child-emperors Gratian (r. 367-383) and Honorius (r. 393-423). A substantial amount of contemporary source material has survived from their reigns in the form of panegyrics and coinage. A systematic analysis of these sources relating to the various stages of their reigns shows that these emperors still had to live up to traditional expectations, at least in terms of their self-representation, and thus play the part of strong military leaders.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Gratian; Honorius; Roman empire; child-emperors; coinage; military leadership; panegyric

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2020

More about this publication?
  • Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis (TvG) bestrijkt als enig Nederlandstalig historisch-wetenschappelijk tijdschrift de geschiedenis van alle tijden en van de hele wereld. TvG biedt auteurs uit de geschiedwetenschap en aanverwante disciplines een gereputeerd, Nederlandstalig podium voor kwalitatief hoogstaand en origineel onderzoek. Sinds zijn eerste verschijning in 1886 is Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis uitgegroeid tot een historisch tijdschrift dat wetenschappelijkheid op succesvolle wijze combineert met toegankelijkheid, dat inspeelt op actuele trends, dat respectvol omgaat met historiografische tradities, maar ook openstaat voor experiment en interdisciplinariteit. Het tijdschrift biedt een cruciale brugfunctie tussen enerzijds het internationale onderzoeksveld en anderzijds geschiedenisstudenten en -docenten, en een anderszins geïnteresseerd publiek.

    Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis (Journal of History) is the only Dutch scholarly history journal that covers history for all periods and worldwide. Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis is a general historical journal, which means that it covers all historical disciplines and related disciplines. Since its founding in 1886 Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis has grown into a key journal that combines academic research on historical topics with accessibility to an audience within and outside academia.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Back issues, 1886-1940
  • Peer Review, Ethics and Malpractice
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more