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Open Access De co-evolutie van vriendschapsrelaties en delinquent gedrag onder Nederlandse jongeren

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The co-evolution of friendship relations and delinquent behaviour among Dutch adolescents .

This article focuses on two research questions. To what degree is similarity in delinquent behaviour among Dutch secondary school students explained by selection and influence processes? And to what extent is the effect of friends’ delinquency on adolescents’ delinquency level moderated by characteristics of the friendship relation? Hypotheses were drawn from Sutherland’s Differential Association Theory, its extension by Burgess and Akers, and Hirschi’s Social Control Theory. The hypotheses were tested with longitudinal social network data, using the recently developed software program ‘Simulation Investigation for Empirical Network Analysis’ (SIENA). The network data were gathered among lower educated students of twelve secondary schools in the Dutch province of South Holland during a three-year period. The analyses suggest that adolescents tend to adjust their behaviour to the delinquency level of their peers (influence process), and tend to be friends with others who have a similar level of delinquency (selection process). Further, the results indicate that attachment to friends, time spent with friends and social pressure of friends do not affect the influence of peers on adolescents’ delinquency level.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 September 2009

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  • Mens & Maatschappij, opgericht in 1925, stelt zich ten doel sociaalwetenschappelijke kennis te verspreiden die relevant is voor de Nederlandse samenleving. Hiertoe publiceert M&M oorspronkelijke, Nederlandstalige artikelen van auteurs uit alle sociale wetenschappen, ongeacht richting of stroming. M&M kenmerkt zich door: een breed palet aan thema's, representatief voor het hele onderzoeksgebied van de sociale wetenschappen; artikelen waarin de confrontatie wordt gezocht tussen sociaalwetenschappelijke theorie en empirisch onderzoek; een grondige en opbouwende reviewprocedure met oog voor wetenschappelijke kwaliteit en beleidsrelevantie. Behalve reguliere nummers publiceert M&M ieder jaar een themanummer waarin specialisten op uitnodiging van de redactie schrijven over een actueel thema.

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