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Open Access ‘Filosofie ‐ waar is dat goed voor?’

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Abstract

‘Philosophy ‐ what is the use of it?’ Dutch philosophers about education in philosophy

This article gives an overview of the ideas of twentieth-century Dutch philosophers on the use and function of education in philosophy, both in a university context and in secondary schools. In the first half of the twentieth century, there was a very strong emphasis on expanding the place of philosophy in other academic programmes, which was related to the neokantian conception of philosophy as the examination of the fundamental assumptions and the interconnectedness of the sciences. After the Second World War, this view had a unique institutional effect, in the form of the establishment of a ‘centrale interfaculteit’ at all Dutch universities, where philosophy was to be practised in relation to other disciplines. This institutional experiment was brought to an end in the 1980s. Since then, there has been a tendency to regard philosophy as an academic discipline in its own right, and less as a place for creating meaningful connections between other disciplines. From the 1970s onwards, the focus of thinking about philosophy education in the Netherlands has shifted from the universities to the secondary schools. Whereas philosophy was practically non-existent as a secondary-school subject in 1970, nowadays it has a remarkably strong presence as an elective in Dutch upper secondary education. Simultaneously, the didactics of philosophy became a flourishing field in the Netherlands, exploring the way in which secondary-school pupils can learn the skill of philosophical thinking.
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Keywords: didactics of philosophy; history of Dutch philosophy; history of university education in the Netherlands; philosophy education

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 2, 2018

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  • Het Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte (ANTW), opgericht in 1908, is een filosofisch wetenschappelijk tijdschrift dat oorspronkelijke artikelen publiceert van auteurs uit het Nederlands-Vlaamse taalgebied. Het ANTW richt zich op een breed scala van deelgebieden, stromingen, discussies en perioden van de filosofie. Het ANTW brengt vier nummers per jaar uit: twee focusnummers waarin steeds één omvangrijk artikel centraal staat van een prominente Nederlandse of Vlaamse filosoof, gevolgd door commentaren en een afsluitende repliek van de focusauteur; een regulier nummer met onderzoeksartikelen, overzichtsartikelen en congresverslagen; en een themanummer met artikelen rond een tevoren vastgesteld thema.

    The Dutch language journal Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte (ANTW), founded in 1908, is a philosophical, academic journal that publishes original articles from authors in the Netherlands and Belgium. ANTW focuses on a broad variety of subjects, trends, discussions and periods in philosophy. ANTW publishes four issues each year: Two Focus Issues that contain one large article from a prominent Dutch or Flemish philosopher (Focus Article), followed by six shorter comments and a closing reply by the focus Author. One regular issue covering research articles, overview articles and congress reports. And one themed issue in which circa six articles focus on certain subjects relevant in philosophy.
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